phase three

This is an image of the 12 centimeter anode several minutes after SAFIRE is first fired up in June of 2016.

The Safire laboratory is now built and fully commissioned.  Comprehensive testing has been completed to familiarize the team with the controls and technical possibilities.


Core and consulting teams meet in Mississauga, Ontario, to concretize the list of experiments to be done over the next months.  The list represents key questions and suggestions from both the team members and the wider scientific community.

The principal intention of SAFIRE is to test the Electric Sun model.  Experiments are designed to challenge (falsify) the Electric Sun Model.

But if the Electric Sun Model proves resilient, if the model’s predictions are realised, then experimentation will follow a path designed to fully explore this new theory.  As with Phase One there is also an expectation of the unexpected...

The ability to form a variety of spherical plasma discharges

Uses many and varied instruments to measure complex plasma structures.

Move many measuring instruments freely through the plasma atmosphere.

Do synchronous and simultaneous measurements.

The ability to gather data at extremely high rates – Pico Seconds.

Correlate and create graphical overlays of all the data.

Synchronize all data streams in real time.

Obtain high resolution video and still images.

Materials testing.

Material deposition and erosion tests.

Langmuir Probe Analysis.

Optical Spectroscopy.

Near Ultra Violet light measurements.

Infrared measurements.


DOX – Design of Experiments Methodology.

Moments later when the plasma has ignighted.

With the very first discussions of the SAFIRE project it was suggested that some form of fusion might occur.  In Phase One it appeared as if this was actually happening.  But there were issues with one of the data recorders, so specific evidence could not be confirmed, and thus no concrete interpretations made.

Lowell Morgan:  "The Mas Spectrometer was getting a reading of an atomic mass of 3 – but it wasn’t able to resolve if this was ionized molecular hydrogen, or helium 3, or trillium."

One of the first prerequisites of the Phase Two construction was to assure all data recorders were performing up to specification.

Whether or not the SAFIRE experiments falsify or confirm the Electric Sun model the SAFIRE laboratory can be used to follow any number of lines of scientific inquiry: such as expanding our understanding of the current thermonuclear model of the sun or, for example, if some form of fusion does occur, the SAFIRE setup is well equipped to follow through on further research and experimentation.

The current scientific community estimates that as much as 99.999% of the universe is comprised of plasma.  The SAFIRE laboratory is uniquely set up to generate, measure and analyse plasma environments.

Safire is a one-of-a-kind laboratory.  Nothing quite like it exists on planet Earth.  It could easily represent the doorway into a whole new realm of scientific exploration.

Tuffs forming on the anode.

Double layers forming about the anode.

The anode deep in the SAFIRE chamber, cathodes on either side.

Two data screens from the live-action and stills cameras.

The DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS protocols used to design and build the SAFIRE lab are now applied to the experiments conducted in that lab.  Rarely if ever before used in scientific exploration, these DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS protocols will aid the team in refining the individual experiments to the point of accurately predicting and generating repeatability.  Repeatability is the prerequisite for legitimizing any scientific theory.